- Demographics and economics will continue to push African migrants into Europe
- The EU’s policy focuses on tight border controls and cash for countries of origin
- This is unlikely to work, and could make the problem even worse
- In the short term, it is unlikely that Europe will see migration as an opportunity
While the current refugee crisis is exceptional, migration flows into (and out of) Europe have a long history. Considering the continent’s geographic, demographic and economic realities, migration pressure, as Brussels has already recognized, is here to stay. But the nature and dimensions of the crisis have deeply affected the European Union’s approach to migration issues, creating a sense of urgency and leading to an emphasis on strengthening security measures. This is shaping the debate and the search for solutions, with potential long-term, negative effects for African migration to Europe.