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demonstrations have forced Algeria’s president to resign and Sudan’s to declare
a year-long state of emergency. In both countries, these popular revolts are
challenging entrenched regimes that successfully weathered the Arab Spring
protests of 2011. Can this unexpected coda to the revolutions that opened an
unhappy decade in the Middle East and North Africa lead to better results?
Ambassador Zvi Mazel
Since the time of Adam
Smith, economists have understood that the wealth or poverty of nations hinge
on the quality of their institutions. Political, economic and social rules of
the game can be inclusive, offering opportunities for prosperity to all, or
extractive, protecting the rents of a few. But the international effort to
introduce one such rule – formal property rights – shows that even simple
changes can have complex and unwelcome effects in alien cultural settings.
Dr. Emmanuel Martin
Angola has recently become one of the most stable countries in sub-Saharan Africa. It now hopes to rebuild its agriculture, education and navy, as well as jump-start investment in the oil sector and broaden its foreign relations base to include Western powers – all before deteriorating living conditions turn the population against the government of Gen. Joao Lourenco.
Anonymous GIS Expert
Dr. Joseph S. Tulchin
Professor Stefan Hedlund
After harboring visions of becoming an economic and energy superpower, Russia now wants agriculture to fuel its rise. In recent years, its production of grains, especially wheat, has rocketed. But absorbing the increase, whether through domestic consumption or through exports, poses some big challenges. And even if it overcomes those, Russia’s agriculture sector is likely to remain dependent on unprocessed products.