Borei Class Nuclear Submarine
Russia’s nuclear strategy exposes NATO’s deterrence problem
Russia’s conventional forces are weaker than those of the West, but the Kremlin may fall back on its strategy of “escalate to de-escalate.” Launching a single, low-yield nuclear warhead in a local conflict, Russian leaders could challenge NATO member governments into a fateful decision: to stand down and negotiate, or risk escalating the conflict into a full-scale nuclear war.
Russia reforms and re-arms, but its glory days are over
Russia is reforming and re-arming its forces, and stepping up the rhetoric against Nato. If the reforms, costing close to US$660 billion, stay on course it will have a leaner but meaner force structure by 2020. But this is by no means certain – for instance, it cannot produce its own high-quality weaponry, and demographic changes leave it short of soldiers. ...