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at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, the Caspian Sea region plays an outsized
role in geopolitical events. In recent years, global powers have made some
significant changes in their policies toward the region. China is stepping up its
activity, while the U.S. has backed away. Russia’s influence has greatly
increased, while Turkey’s has waned. Now, states in the region face a growing
threat from Muslim extremism. How well countries meet these challenges will
depend on the strength of their state institutions. In Central Asia, that could
mean increased cooperation and peace. In the South Caucasus, conflict could be
on the cards.
Professor Brenda Shaffer
Kazakhstan has emerged as one of the leading countries in Central Asia. It has developed and maintained delicate but workable partnerships with Russia, China and the West while developing relations with international actors such as Iran, Turkey, India, Japan and South Korea. All this is now in the balance as Kazakhstan waits to see how it might be affected by Russi...
Russia is desperate to maintain dominance over its supply of gas to Europe. This special report examines Moscow’s divide-and-conquer strategy with which it aims to ensure control over gas supply to Europe by undermining projects outside its control while cutting deals which offer preferential treatment should Europe sign up to projects of its own making.
Professor Stefan Hedlund