- After the peace deal, Colombia will be faces huge administrative challenges
- Key tests for the state will be land reform and fighting corruption
- A worrying sign is that coca cultivation is making a comeback
- Peace deal opponent Alvaro Uribe could make a strong challenge in 2018 elections
Throughout most of 2016, Colombia was absorbed by negotiations that led to a historic peace treaty between the government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), which could herald the end to a civil war that has lasted more than half a century, and to the beginning of peace talks with a smaller, holdout guerilla group known as the National Liberation Army (ELN).
The process was so crucial to Colombia’s future viability as a nation that it captured the attention of the entire world. Without the support of the international community – The European Union, Norway, the United Nations, the Organization of American States, Chile, the United States and Cuba all played constructive roles in the process – it is fair to say that the peace talks would have failed, and that President Juan Manuel Santos would not have won a Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts.