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Gender equality is not
one of Japan’s greatest strengths, but the rapid shrinking and aging of the
population have started to exert pressure on a society whose culture is drawn
from the samurai era. These values practically exclude young mothers from the
workforce and set a very low glass ceiling for professional women.
nearly 40 percent of its population under the age of 18, Africa is the youngest
continent in the world. This expanding work-age population should bring higher productivity,
increased consumption and faster growth. But turning this workforce into an
economic asset will require ending the mismatch between educational outcomes
and market needs.
Teresa Nogueira Pinto
The People’s Republic of China is now attaining
military might commensurate with its global economic position. This emerging colossus
faces a dramatic demographic challenge at home, however, and stiff international
resistance to some of its key strategic goals.
history of economic growth has made a handful of Western nations, later joined
by Japan, remarkably rich and powerful. Until recently, it seemed that the fast-growing
developing countries led by China were poised to catch up with the advanced
economies by the middle of this century. Now, the macroeconomic data suggest
that they may grow old before they get rich.
Dr. Stefan Lippert
Japan faces a daunting demographic challenge. Both the general populace and the working-age population are graying and rapidly decreasing in size. In recent years, the number of deaths has outpaced the number of births by around 300,000 per year. If the country’s birth rate remains constant, this figure will continue to rise by tens of thousands annually. ...