Coal production in Europe is declining and its future is increasingly determined by the EU's environmental policies and legislation. Will these factors mean Europe will miss out on international coal markets as global demand continues to grow and will it leave itself vulnerable to the potential political instability of its new energy providers? GIS expert Dr Frank Umbach examines the role of this fossil fuel in Europe in this special report, the second in a three-part series.

EUROPEAN coal has long been seen as providing a guaranteed and affordable supply. There have been no major interruptions to production and therefore price and supply risk has been minimal.

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Dr. Frank Umbach
Germany's decision in 2006 to phase out its hard coal production by 2017 had a direct impact on President Vladimir Putin's policy to increase the share of coal in Russia's future energy consumption
read more about it in the report
Who will benefit?
  • Report is targeted to the decision makers in cross country manufacturing – suppliers, manufacturers, logistics.
  • Also considered useful for the administrative university facilities, to better understand the possibe effects of current decisions.
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