Energy: Moscow’s desire to dominate gas supplies to Europe drives pipeline politics

French PM Francois Fillon (left), German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev launch the Nord Stream pipeline in November 2011 which runs from Russia to Germany through the Baltic Sea (photo: dpa)
French PM Francois Fillon (left), German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev launch the Nord Stream pipeline in November 2011 which runs from Russia to Germany through the Baltic Sea (photo: dpa)

Russia is desperate to maintain dominance over its supply of gas to Europe. This special report examines Moscow’s divide-and-conquer strategy with which it aims to ensure control over gas supply to Europe by undermining projects outside its control while cutting deals which offer preferential treatment should Europe sign up to projects of its own making.

US President Ronald Reagan once famously warned his European allies against making themselves dependent on Russian energy supply.

The Cold War was very cold at the time. Washington worried that Moscow would use energy to expand its influence.

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