Energy: Vulnerability of energy supply: the case of Albania

Electricity Production by Fuel Type (per cent, 2007) - Source: Enerdata, 2011
Electricity Production by Fuel Type (per cent, 2007) - Source: Enerdata, 2011

Albania provides a vivid example of how dependence on a single source of energy – be it fossil fuel, renewable or nuclear – can jeopardise a country’s security of energy supply. Diversity of energy sources and access routes remains the key to security and reliability of daily energy supplies, says GIS expert Dr Carole Nakhle who considers, in this briefing, the problems Albania faces with its almost exclusive dependence on its own hydropower for its electricity use.

ALBANIA is a small country of 3.1 million people, with rugged mountains in the Balkans. It has been a net energy importer since the mid-1990s, with energy imports meeting more than 58 per cent of the country’s needs.

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