Russia’s threat to cut gas supplies to the European Union have little substance. They are made when gas supplies are plentiful and European countries can switch to alternative sources. And Europe is already better prepared. But the EU has to have the common political muscle and solidarity to resist Russia’s pressure and make joint decisions now to protect its long-term security of supply.

<i>The European Union’s internal energy market has integrated further since the last Russia-Ukraine gas crisis. It is now much better prepared and equipped to cope with external gas supply shocks. But in the short-term, some European sub-regions and countries remain more vulnerable than others ...

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Dr. Frank Umbach
The EU has enhanced its energy security through a variety of diversification - energy mix and gas imports - and new gas infrastructure projects in the last few years
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  • Report is targeted to the decision makers in cross country manufacturing – suppliers, manufacturers, logistics.
  • Also considered useful for the administrative university facilities, to better understand the possibe effects of current decisions.
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