Geothermal: Exploiting the Earth’s energy

Krafla power station in north Iceland harnesses geothermal energy to produce electricity (photo: dpa)
Krafla power station in north Iceland harnesses geothermal energy to produce electricity (photo: dpa)

Countries across the globe - from Indonesia to Turkey, to Kenya, Ethiopia and Nicaragua - are looking for ways to exploit their geothermal resources to produce sustainable, cleaner and more secure energy. International organisations such as the World Bank have set up dedicated funds to support these initiatives. Despite all the enthusiasm, the exploitable geothermal energy potential continues to vastly exceed current utilisation. This is likely to remain so for the foreseeable future.

<i>Between 1990 and 2010, geothermal energy production increased by 84 per cent. Its attractiveness resides in the fact that it satisfies the twin goals of climate and energy security. However, its...

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