Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, surrounded by cabinet members, speaks with news media

India, a nation where few pay income tax

  • Of 1.25 billion Indians, less than 4 percent pay income tax
  • The government recognizes the need for a fundamental overhaul of the tax system, but is addressing only part of the problem
  • The newly passed Goods and Services Tax (GST) aims to streamline India’s maze of indirect taxes
  • Retroactive taxation has had a chilling impact on multinationals’ investment in India

In the first week of August, the Indian Parliament passed a constitutional amendment to introduce a Goods and Service Tax (GST), which had been in the making for over a decade. The amendment needs to be ratified by 15 of the 29 Indian states, which is expected to take place in the next three months. The government, backed by some analysts, insists that the GST will turn India into a true single market. Critics doubt that, arguing that the United States and the European Union did not need uniform sales taxes to craft their common markets. Some analysts are apprehensive that the GST may prove one step forward, two steps back.

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 Barun S. Mitra
Passing the GST could boost India’s gross domestic product (GDP) by a further 1.5 percent
read more about it in the report
What's inside
  • Of 1.25 billion Indians, less than 4 percent pay income tax
  • The government recognizes the need for a fundamental overhaul of the tax system, but is addressing only part of the problem
  • The newly passed Goods and Services Tax (GST) aims to streamline India’s maze of indirect taxes
  • Retroactive taxation has had a chilling impact on multinationals’ investment in India
Who will benefit?
  • Report is targeted to the decision makers in cross country manufacturing – suppliers, manufacturers, logistics.
  • Also considered useful for the administrative university facilities, to better understand the possibe effects of current decisions.
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