India-Pakistan tension

India-Pakistan tension
South Asia’s two nuclear-armed powers have been at loggerheads since they became separate states in 1947. Border disputes, especially over the region of Kashmir, have caused frequent spikes in tensions. More recently, terrorist attacks and geopolitical maneuvering are straining ties. China’s more active foreign policy and changing priorities in the United States have set off a shift in alliances, further fueling tension.

Reports on India-Pakistan tension See all

A photo of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressing the nation on Independence Day in New Delhi, on August 15, 2019

Modi changes India’s Kashmir policy

For decades, India’s posture on the contested state of Jammu and Kashmir has been relatively stable, allowing autonomy in the region and seeking an agreement with Islamabad. Relations with Sunni Kashmiris have increasingly frayed, however, and Prime Minister Narendra Modi has begun to shift its policy radically. India has ended the region’s special status and is moving to reshape the political landscape there in its favor, risking a violent backlash, rising tensions with Pakistan, and diplomatic pressure.     

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