Energy cybersecurity: The need for effective resilience
Despite repeated warnings of a “digital Pearl Harbor,” advanced economies such as the United States and the European Union are more exposed to cyberattacks than ever. These vulnerabilities can be traced to the spread of new digital technologies, the electrification of transport and heating systems, robotics and artificial intelligence. That puts a premium on efficient cybersecurity strategies based on a layered defense in depth, focused on mitigating the effects of attacks and allowing faster recovery of critical infrastructure.
Four implications of electric mobility
China is doubly dominant in electric vehicles (EV), as the world’s biggest market and largest battery maker, with 55 percent of global production. EV makers also increasingly depend on critical raw materials from China such as lithium, cobalt, graphite and rare earths. This growing dependency, along with production bottlenecks and the environmental costs of EV production, may limit its impact on the global energy mix.
China, Europe and the global steel crisis
China’s massive steel surplus shows no signs of easing, despite promised cutbacks. European producers and increasingly desperate steelworkers are pressuring the authorities in Brussels. Diplomatic tensions are a certainty, and a trade war cannot be ruled out.
Politics and oil bring uncertainty to Uganda’s future
After three decades in power, President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda won a fifth consecutive term in February 2016. Uganda has seen significant development under his rule, but the irregularities that accompanied his election have added fuel to political tensions. Whether Ugandan politics follows a path of stability or instability may also depend on the fate of the cou...
India and Africa: two perspectives across the Indian Ocean
<i>This report presents, back-to-back, two scenarios for the emerging strategic relationship between India and Africa outlined by GIS contributors, <b>Pramit Pal Chaudhuri</b> of India and <b>Teresa Nogueira Pinto</b>, our Africa expert.</i> View from India Africa summits are ...
China’s demographic shift places nation at a crossroads
CHINA’S controversial one-child policy, originally introduced to alleviate food shortage problems and raise living standards, has received substantial support from citizens for the most part of the three decades it has been in place. Yet cracks are beginning to emerge from within. GIS guest expert Yuen Sin says signs point to a population both ageing and in decline...
Defence is a key to shaping Europe’s long-term future
The role Europe plays in an evolving and increasingly competitive global environment is at the forefront of European Summit meetings. But rarely is the debate about Europe’s long term welfare and prosperity linked to the importance of defence and security. A thorough reappraisal will take time but the December 2013 summit could be a turning point for strategic thin...
China fights to retain dominance of rare earths market
China’s new policy of limiting exports of rare earth elements (REEs) is causing increasing concern in the rest of the world. China is set to dominate the market for years to come, but attempts by Western countries to modify its policy via the World Trade Organisation have so far proved ineffective. CHINA’S rise to the t...