Jose Eduardo Dos Santos
GIS Dossier: Sub-Saharan Africa
The list of challenges facing sub-Saharan Africa is long and daunting. Political instability and violence have led to immense migration flows that countries on three continents are struggling to contain. These problems have exacerbated weather-related catastrophes like famine, creating a vicious circle. Yet, the region has plenty of potential. Can it overcome its hurdles? This edition of GIS Dossier surveys the predictions from our experts on this troubled region.
Crisis in the DRC
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has been one of Africa’s most troubled states since it won independence from Belgium in 1960. Perhaps fittingly, its latest crisis was defused by a last-minute agreement on New Year’s Eve between President Joseph Kabila and the opposition. Will it last?
Global Outlook 2017: Sub-Saharan Africa
Political instability will be the norm for sub-Saharan Africa in 2017. Crises will range from rocky political transitions to mass protests, electoral violence and – in the worst case – even genocide. The region faces these challenges at a time when realpolitik is replacing liberalism.
Angola girds for political transition
Angola’s President Jose Eduardo dos Santos has announced he will retire in 2018. Potential successors include the country’s defense minister and the general secretary of the ruling party – both longtime dos Santos allies. Whether the transition will be smooth depends on how the economy fares and the new leadership’s ability to manage change. A power struggle – perhaps led by one of Mr. dos Santos’ children – is not out of the question.
Angola’s dependence on oil exacts toll as 2017 elections loom
Since the end of Angola’s civil war (1975-2002), oil production in the country has rapidly increased. Production more than doubled between 2004 and 2008, from 800,000 to 1.7 million barrels per day, stabilizing at around 1.8 million bpd in 2015. Oil revenues alone injected an estimated $470 billion into Angolan state coffers between 2002 and 2014. But the recent dr...
Angola: Religious conflict reflects political and social tensions
Angola has been attracting attention lately but for all the wrong reasons. An alleged massacre and the trial of a renowned journalist have brought the government’s credibility into question. And this comes at a time when the country, hit by low oil prices, needs all the foreign investment and international friends it can find. Summary...
Oil price slump gives Angola a chance to diversify
Oil is the backbone of Angola’s economy but the sharp fall in prices has left it struggling with a decrease in its expected revenue for 2015. Initially projected to sell oil at US$81 per barrel, Angola recently proposed a revision to its state budget, which, in addition to estimating oil revenue at a price of US$40 per barrel, proposed to slash spending. Despite th...
Colombia’s land reform programme in jeopardy as economic growth slows
Growth in Colombia’s economy shows signs of slowing. It could not have come at a worse time for President Juan Manuel Santos. He is not only trying to be re-elected next year, but he wants to find money to pay for a land restitution programme. This is the first part of a series looking at the problems facing President Santos and how land restitution could help in ...
President dos Santos wins another landslide victory in oil rich Angola
Angola’s long-serving President Jose Eduardo dos Santos won another election which could determine the path for his country’s economic and political future. Mr dos Santos, in power for 33 years, has appointed a successor but the election saw the emergence of new political parties and expressions of frustration at the divisions between rich and poor which could poin...
Guinea-Bissau coup impacts on cashew exports
Political lobbying is taking place to try to resolve matters following the military coup in Guinea-Bissau. But the results of the coup are having a major impact on the country’s economy and its cashew crop which employs 80 per cent of the population. The way forward may lie in a new initiative involving the Portuguese speaking countries and the African Union. ...