Kashmir, a northwestern Indian subcontinent region is bounded by China's Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang to the northeast and the Tibet Autonomous Region to the east, by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south, by Pakistan to the west, and by Afghanistan to the northwest. The northern and western portions of Kashmir are administered by Pakistan, the southern and southeastern portions by India. The Indian- and Pakistani-administered portions are divided by a “line of control” agreed to in 1972, although neither country recognizes it as an international boundary. Since 1962, China has controlled the easternmost portion of the region.
The Kashmir crisis exerts pressure on both the U.S. and China
The conflict over Kashmir has led to three wars and countless skirmishes between India and Pakistan. As tensions are building up again in the region, outside powers cooperate to prevent the worst. However, Washington’s and Beijing’s influence over the decision-making process of the two nuclear weapons-armed states may be gradually waning.