- NATO’s frontline states are becoming cyber- and hybrid warfare specialists
- Russia has dramatically increased its capabilities for limited war
- A revised nuclear strategy is needed to counter Russia’s “de-escalation” doctrine
A quarter century after the first Cold War ended, Russia and the West have entered a new confrontation: the Hybrid Cold War, a conflict that will be fought not only with tanks and bombs, but also in the realm of information and cyberspace.
Russia’s aggression in Ukraine in 2014, which decisively opened the new chapter, was below the threshold of open, regular warfare. Decisions taken by NATO and the European Union show the West has taken up the neo-Cold War gauntlet.