- NATO and the EU are yet to develop mechanisms for defense system interoperability
- Since the 2016 summits, some areas have been designated for enhancing military cooperation, but piecemeal coordination is no substitute for a deep, systemic integration
- Ultimately, leaders will need to separate defense missions for NATO and the national forces of the EU members, and create a true Western security tandem
In the face of mounting pressure, the European Union and NATO are trying to improve the interoperability of their military organizations. The steps taken thus far – improvised, ad hoc, limited actions by members of both organizations – are simply insufficient. In the end, Western defense needs to be integrated on a high, systemic level.