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flow of illegal migrants and criminal gangs from El Salvador into U.S. cities
can only be contained when Washington helps the country address its huge
problem of unemployed and uneducated youths.
Dr. Joseph S. Tulchin
U.S. President Donald Trump really wants to stop illegal immigration, he would
do well to look at its causes, like violence in the Northern Triangle countries
of Central America. However, a one-size-fits-all approach will not solve the
problem. Each country has its own specific difficulties. In Guatemala, it is
corruption. The U.S. and the international community can play a key role in
fighting corruption, which could reduce violence and therefore migration – but
they must stop sending mixed signals.
Mexico’s relationship with the United States was driving change in the country long before it became the focus of President Donald Trump. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) dramatically altered its economy, allowing it to become a key provider of manufacturing and agricultural goods to the U.S. But Mexico is also a gateway for drug trafficking to its northern neighbor, fueling corruption, organized crime and widespread violence. The latest GIS Dossier surveys the analyses and predictions from our experts on this critical Latin American country.
Trump administration’s policies will have a huge impact on Central America –
even if they are not intended to. A trade dispute with Mexico could end up
benefitting the region. But tighter border security measures or cutting of
funding for improving democratic institutions will prove disastrous.
Dr. Ralph Espach
will have a big impact on Latin America in the coming year: the closer a
country is to the United States, the worse off it will be. What President
Donald Trump does will shape developments in the region, as will the prices of
key commodities. If Mr. Trump decides on collaboration instead of unilateral
demands, however, the region could see positive developments.