GIS Dossier: Failed global climate policies
Since the 1990s, the international community has been trying to keep climate change under control – with less than stellar results. Despite initiatives like the 1997 Kyoto Protocol or the 2015 Paris Agreement, global temperatures are still well on track to increase by 2 degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels – the threshold scientists say could lead to dangerous climate effects. Geopolitics and market forces are mostly behind this failure – as GIS experts have been pointing out for some time. In this Dossier, we bring together the analyses that paint the picture of how we got here.
GIS Dossier: Modi’s India
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has harnessed identity politics to shake up India’s inefficient economy and turn it into a global player. At home and abroad, he has proved an adept operator. Geopolitically, Mr. Modi’s most important move is an increasingly obvious realignment with the U.S., as part of a long-term strategy to counter China’s bid for hegemony in Asia.
China’s nuclear energy ambitions
China is pushing to become the leading exporter of civilian nuclear technology. Its first domestically designed reactor is a hard sell abroad due to regulatory barriers and safety concerns, and the market for nuclear power is stagnant at best. Beijing, however, can afford to offer incentives to buyers and is not discouraged easily.
Russia’s growing economic ties with the Middle East
While Russia’s military activity in the Middle East has caught headlines, its economic footprint in the region is increasing as well. Much of the cooperation is occurring in the energy sector, but Moscow is not interested in the region’s natural resources. Instead, it is working on establishing a long-term foothold.
Technology exporters are the biggest beneficiaries of nuclear power
When total outlays for a nuclear energy plant are considered, from construction to accident prevention to decommissioning costs, nuclear energy is an expensive proposition. The companies that export this technology and their governments are going the extra mile to attract foreign buyers and see the deals through because their benefits go far beyond a power plant deal.
Risks for China’s energy strategy
China faces three big challenges in its energy strategy: reducing pollution, mitigating the negative effects of climate change and securing overland supply. The country has made huge investments to achieve its goals, but macroeconomic and geopolitical uncertainties could yet derail Beijing’s plans. In the end, China is likely to be successful, but will have to deftly manage its energy policies and alliances.
India’s new nuclear push
India is making a big push to finally join the Nuclear Suppliers Group, which sets global rules on the spread of nuclear technology. Becoming a member is crucial for India, since it would solidify its ability to import and export nuclear technology freely. Without this, its nuclear energy sector could wither, with dire impacts for the country’s climate goals and its economy.
Roadblocks ahead as China challenge draws India and US closer
Relations between the United States and India are taking on a greater significance amid a climate of heightened Sino-US tensions, now focused on Beijing’s claims to the South China Sea and efforts to extend its naval influence into the Indian Ocean. In response, Washington and New Delhi have drawn closer together and intensified their trilateral dialogue with Tokyo...
France’s losing gambit in atomic chess
Energy is a potent currency in geopolitical relations. For an example, look no further than Europe, where France and Russia have been engaged in an unspoken struggle for primacy in the nuclear power industry. At first France took the lead, as Areva looked like a global champion that could potentially free Europe from its dependence on carbon-emitting fuels – espec...