People’S Liberation Army
The Trump maritime strategy
After two decades of engagement in Afghanistan and Iraq, where land and air power ruled supreme, the U.S. Navy is again on the leading edge of American foreign policy. Freedom of Navigation missions and bold forward deployments of carrier task groups are just part of a new policy to challenge expansion by strategic adversaries such as China and Russia. Yet for the Trump maritime strategy to work, it must be sustained by effective communications and diplomacy, and by an accelerated naval construction program.
Washington poised to become New Delhi’s partner in the Indian Ocean
Not since the Cold War has the United States paid such close attention to the Indian Ocean. Now the competitor attracting Washington’s attention is China, not the Soviet Union, and its closest partner is India – a country with its own concerns about Chinese designs in the region. The consequence will be an abiding U.S. military, economic and diplomatic presence in the region.
In naval deterrence, numbers matter
Chinese naval construction has far outpaced that of the United States for many years. By some measures, the lethality of its surface combatants is a match for comparable Western vessels – or even better. With the U.S. Navy already stretched thin in the East Asia, reliance on its traditional allies and long-time technological edge is not enough. There must be more hulls in the water.
Military corruption crackdown strengthens Xi
The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) was, until recently, held up as a paragon of virtue in China, but that changed when President Xi Jinping came to power. By 2016, his anti-graft campaign had resulted in 46 senior military officers facing corruption charges. The campaign shows no sign of stopping. The result will be a massive restructuring of the military, designed to weaken generals and increase President Xi’s personal power base.
U.S. is key to managing the Western Pacific military buildup
The most important navies in the Western Pacific are growing in strength. Forces all around the region are improving, but the Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy accounts for the lion’s share of new capacity, both in the number of vessels and technological sophistication. How the United States chooses to address this challenge will make the difference between war...
Beijing tries carrot and stick as Taiwan vote nears
Taiwan will hold presidential and legislative elections on January 16, 2016. Opinion polls show the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) is set to win. If it does, writes GIS guest expert Dr. Nicola Casarini, it will be the culmination of a trend that began with local elections in November 2014 when the country’s ruling party, the Kuomintang (KMT), suffered one of it...
Why defence spending differs in the US, China and Russia
China and Russia are increasing arms spending while the United States is cutting back. China is concentrating on protecting its regional interests; Russia on establishing a position as a nuclear superpower as a stand-off to the other two powers. While this does not amount to an arms race, it may have enormous consequences for world conflict in the years ahead. ...