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About 90 percent of global
ocean fishing stocks are fully exploited or overfished. Competition to exploit
this declining resource has led to geopolitical conflicts and social ills such
as piracy and pollution, while regulation and subsidies only exacerbate the
problem. Economics offers some institutional solutions that give the fishing
industry incentives to manage stocks for the long term.
Dr. Emmanuel Martin
car ownership and production have shot up spectacularly in recent
years. The country has joined the push for driverless electric cars
as part of an environmental strategy that also stresses greatly expanded public
transport. Depending on which strategy Beijing selects, carmakers could be
headed for boom years or hard times.
China faces three big challenges in its energy strategy: reducing pollution, mitigating the negative effects of climate change and securing overland supply. The country has made huge investments to achieve its goals, but macroeconomic and geopolitical uncertainties could yet derail Beijing’s plans. In the end, China is likely to be successful, but will have to deftly manage its energy policies and alliances.