President Pierre Nkurunziza
GIS Dossier: Autumn of the patriarchs
In many parts of the world, the outlook for political stability in 2018 will depend on aging, often long-serving politicians. Some are senescent leaders trying to manage a generational transition, others have caught their second wind and are bracing for a long run. Here is a short list of rulers who are losing their grip, handling tricky successions, or building their legacies with a late burst of vigor. They are a key human element in geopolitics.
Burundi’s downward spiral
President Pierre Nkurunziza’s grip on power has divided Burundian society to the point where armed opposition groups are in open conflict with forces loyal to the regime. Violence against civilians has forced thousands to flee their homes. The economy has been hit hard as well. But the fragmentation of the opposition and Burundi’s involvement in critical peacekeeping missions means Mr. Nkurunziza has the upper hand, for now.
Burundi and Rwanda: Tale of two leaders and a continent
Burundi and Rwanda are two nearly identical countries that have taken diametrically opposed paths under different leaders. Their experience provides insight into the dilemmas of institution-building in Africa.
Africa’s most enlightened despot faces test of third term in Rwanda
As incumbent leaders seek to extend their time in power beyond legal limits, ‘third-termism’ or ‘constitutional coups’ have become a hot topic in African politics. In Rwanda, where leadership changes have always been accompanied by ethnic strife and violence, the constitution is being changed to allow a third term to President Paul Kagame. The country’s brutal hist...
Burundi’s president lights slow fuse to ethnic war
President Pierre Nkurunziza’s decision to seek a third term has plunged Burundi into chaos, reversing a decade of progress towards ethnic reconciliation and economic growth. While the present conflict is political in origin, triggered by the president’s ambitions, the climate of violence and repression it has fostered may revive ethnic tensions that could potential...
Somalia at a turning point but full elections remain out of reach
Following the collapse of the Somali state in 1991, it has taken the country more than 20 years to return to a semblance of order and function as a normal society. However, due to ongoing political rifts, institutional weakness and security issues, it may not be possible to hold the full elections scheduled for 2016, writes GIS guest expert. ...