- The Sinai Peninsula is a vast region with an economically marginalized population
- Egypt’s harmful policy in the region has made it fertile ground for radical jihadi groups
- Terrorism has risen, and Egypt’s response has been mixed
- The international community has not offered the support Egypt needs to bring stability back to the peninsula
An integral part of Egypt since the dawn of history, the Sinai Peninsula owes its strategic importance today to the Suez Canal on its western boundary and to its role as a buffer zone between Israel and Egypt. Turmoil in the Middle East has prevented it from becoming a land of cooperation and peace. The rise of radical Islam and Egypt’s harmful policy there have made it a threat to its own country, and to neighboring Israel and Saudi Arabia.