Global Outlook 2018: The energy revolution and its growing uncertainties
How fast the world moves toward cleaner energy hinges on several difficult-to-predict factors, including climate change policies, the glut in oil and gas markets and disruptive technologies. What seems sure is that renewable energy sources won’t overtake fossil fuels in the medium term and that natural gas will loom larger in geopolitical conflicts.
GIS Dossier: Failed global climate policies
Since the 1990s, the international community has been trying to keep climate change under control – with less than stellar results. Despite initiatives like the 1997 Kyoto Protocol or the 2015 Paris Agreement, global temperatures are still well on track to increase by 2 degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels – the threshold scientists say could lead to dangerous climate effects. Geopolitics and market forces are mostly behind this failure – as GIS experts have been pointing out for some time. In this Dossier, we bring together the analyses that paint the picture of how we got here.
In Chile, stagnation and stasis despite shifting politics
The old party coalitions are breaking down in Chile, while new rules could shake up congressional representation. With the economy stuck in low gear, voters are frustrated. But despite all this, the country looks likely to elect a familiar face in November – former President Sebastian Pinera. If he wins, it will mark unprecedented stasis in Chilean politics since the end of the Pinochet dictatorship.
The UAE balances oil riches with green energy drive
The United Arab Emirates is one of the world’s leading oil producers, and gets 100 percent of its electricity from burning natural gas. However, this fossil fuel-dependent country has big ambitions to become a champion of green energy. Though the goals look achievable, market realities mean oil is likely to play the dominant role in its economy.
China won’t save global climate protection policies
China has made big strides in greening its energy sector. But while some hope this means the country can become a new leader in the fight against global climate change, Beijing’s goals are different. The moves it is making now are aimed at putting China in an advantageous geopolitical position, especially in terms of trade. Moreover, its momentum on the green energy front may not be sustainable.
Risks for China’s energy strategy
China faces three big challenges in its energy strategy: reducing pollution, mitigating the negative effects of climate change and securing overland supply. The country has made huge investments to achieve its goals, but macroeconomic and geopolitical uncertainties could yet derail Beijing’s plans. In the end, China is likely to be successful, but will have to deftly manage its energy policies and alliances.
China at the center of global energy change
A sluggish world economy and sustained improvement in energy efficiency caused growth in global energy consumption to slow to 1 percent in 2015, well below the 10-year average of 1.9 percent. Taking a closer look, one country stands out: China. Its changing economy shaped the dynamics of global energy last year and this is likely to continue for the foreseeable future.
Hydrogen to play key role in Japan's energy future
With the spectre of the Fukushima nuclear disaster of March 2011 still raw in the minds of Japan’s population, there is concern whether the country’s new Strategic Energy Plan will give the public confidence that the country is moving towards safe energy options. The plan reduces the emphasis on nuclear power and focusses on the emerging renewable and clean energie...
The geopolitical risks of Japan’s dependence on importing energy
Nuclear-free Japan depends entirely on imported fossil fuels for its energy supplies. This makes it hugely vulnerable to outside risks which could threaten its three-week back-up of energy stores. The reliance on importing energy is influencing Japan’s geopolitical outlook and the pressure it places on its allies. <i&...
Nissan's energy-efficient lifestyle links the car and the home
Nissan's energy efficient designs have branched into new and innovative ways of thinking about energy as a lifestyle. The car maker has developed these following Japan's Fukushima nuclear disaster. The latest sees Nissan moving into property design to create a completely energy-efficient lifestyle combining their electronic cars and power for the home. This report ...