South Asia refers to the Indian subcontinent, which stretches from the Himalayas to the Indian Ocean. India, the second-largest country in the world by population, is the dominant state here, with Pakistan in the west, Bangladesh in the east, Nepal and Bhutan in the Himalaya mountains and Sri Lanka to the south. Due to higher fertility rates, India’s population will soon surpass China’s.
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India earns worldwide goodwill with its ‘pharma diplomacy’
Amid the coronavirus pandemic, India is leveraging its status as the world leader in generic drug manufacturing to build its image overseas and increase its foreign policy clout. However, if other countries make good on their plans to enhance their domestic medical production capabilities, India’s exports could suffer in the longer run.