Sudan’s president is running out of carrots and sticks

Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir speaks to supporters at a community meeting
In a bid to retain power and lure international sponsors, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir (C) has opened a “community dialogue” in recent years (source: dpa)
  • Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir faces a financial squeeze ahead of 2020 elections
  • Attempts at conciliation have not yet got Sudan off the U.S. terrorist supporters list
  • Mr. Bashir is maneuvering for foreign sponsors to keep himself in power

Even after South Sudan’s secession in 2011, Sudan remains a multiethnic and multireligious state. The highly centralized regime in Khartoum struggles to rule a country split between three distinct identities: Arab, Afro-Arab, and African. In the states of Darfur, Blue Nile and South Kordofan, where self-determination aspirations persist, a low-intensity conflict continues, pitting the Sudanese Armed Forces against the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N).

Open contestation of President Omar al-Bashir’s regime has reached cities like Port Sudan and Khartoum. The austerity measures adopted in the 2018 budget (which include reduced wheat and energy subsidies) led to a sharp rise in consumer prices: bread, meat and sugar prices doubled, in a country where the average wage remains $200 a month. Mass dissatisfaction with the subsidy cuts was aggravated by the earmarking of three-quarters of the 2018 budget to defense and security outlays.

Not a subscriber yet?

Subscribe now and get the latest in-depth geopolitical analysis and forecasts from GIS’s unrivaled cadre of experts.

Learn more about our subscription plans.

You can also buy this report for €8.99 Buy

Add your comment