The U.S.-China AI race: A ‘third way’ for Europe?
As artificial intelligence becomes a key source of competition between China and the United States, the European Union is being left behind. Until recently, Europe has focused on regulations and the ethics of AI, at the expense of technological development. The EU is now launching new research initiatives, but it remains to be seen whether it can avoid losing economic and geopolitical influence on the AI front in the long term.
Oil and gas pins its hopes on new technologies
In our greening epoch, the challenge for the oil and gas industry is to continue delivering fuels that world economies still need while minimizing the impact of its activities on the environment and making consumption of its products more efficient. Advances in technology are making these ambitious goals possible.
Russian airpower on trial
Russia’s air force has come a long way from its inept performance during the 2008 war with Georgia. In terms of command and control, logistics and sortie rates during its expeditionary campaign in Syria, it has far surpassed expectations. But that still tells us very little about how it would stack up against a more sophisticated enemy, and especially against the U.S. Air Force.
Opinion: The EU’s digital lag
A dozen or more global giants have emerged in the online data business, but none in the European Union. That is not for lack of trying. The EU has issued voluminous regulations on data protection and dangled investment incentives for digital entrepreneurs, yet this outpouring of directives and money has done far more harm than good.
Europe’s data regulation conundrum
The European General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force last month. In general, it is heartening that the EU is taking individual privacy seriously. But for all of the bureaucracy created by the regulation, it doesn’t address the biggest danger: government abuse of personal data
Big data and the right to privacy
Big internet companies are on solid ground when they defend their right to collect and process data on consumers to improve their services. The problem begins when individual privacy is not sufficiently guarded or technology giants such as Amazon acquire so much sway both in the market and in the political sphere that they may become able to distort competition.
Opinion: Defense is essential
Every state above a certain size needs armed forces to defend itself. Methods for their use vary, ranging from the Swiss model of territorial defense to the blue-water navies, foreign alliances and overseas bases deployed by superpowers. The one common element – essential to any sort of effective deterrence – is the political will to fight.
The technological revolution in Oman’s oil and gas industry
Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) technologies, “cracking” methods for extracting oil and gas from rock formations and reasonable policies toward foreign investors have enabled the Sultanate of Oman to increase its hydrocarbons production remarkably – despite small proven reserves and difficult geology.
Four implications of electric mobility
China is doubly dominant in electric vehicles (EV), as the world’s biggest market and largest battery maker, with 55 percent of global production. EV makers also increasingly depend on critical raw materials from China such as lithium, cobalt, graphite and rare earths. This growing dependency, along with production bottlenecks and the environmental costs of EV production, may limit its impact on the global energy mix.
China’s expanding space program
China started its manned space program four decades after the United States, but it is making great strides while the American effort stagnates. Beijing has long-term plans for a manned lunar base and is testing antisatellite weapons at record altitudes. There appears to be little will in Washington to commit to a multi-decade program needed to stay ahead of the Chinese, and no other country appears able to compete on equal terms.