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A picture showing Jean Monnet, considered one of the founding fathers of the European Union, former Chancellor of Germany Konrad Adenauer and Joseph Schaff, the chairman of the Robert Schuman Association

The ever-ambiguous European Union project

  • The EU is neither a federal state nor a confederation and it features severely weakened accountability mechanisms 
  • A possible solution is a genuine federalist system which enables institutional diversity and sorts out better solutions
  • A federalization would also lead to more prudent public spending and mitigate the central government’s “majority tyranny” 
  • The EU’s problem is that a federation requires a sovereign national entity to function at the top level

From the start, the postwar European project was caught in an ambiguity that still plagues it today. Some of its intellectual fathers, such as Jean Monnet (1888-1979), saw the project with their planners’ eyes as a “top-down” political enterprise. A new Europe had to be constructed with the ultimate goal of making it a federation, a sovereign, centralized state. Mr. Monnet’s European Coal and Steel Community plan, supported by Robert Schuman (1886-1963), was just a practical start toward a supranational entity. Other co-authors of the design, including most probably Mr. Schuman, instead felt that a European entity (and identity) would only gradually emerge in a “bottom-up” fashion from the liberalization of economic relations between nation states and perhaps only after a long confederation phase. This conflict of visions has shaped the history of Europe’s integration process and led to a double compromise on both options.

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Dr. Emmanuel Martin
The EU Commission has been expanding its unaccountable power
read more about it in the report
What's inside
  • The EU is neither a federal state nor a confederation and it features severely weakened accountability mechanisms 
  • A possible solution is a genuine federalist system which enables institutional diversity and sorts out better solutions
  • A federalization would also lead to more prudent public spending and mitigate the central government’s “majority tyranny” 
  • The EU’s problem is that a federation requires a sovereign national entity to function at the top level
Who will benefit?
  • Report is targeted to the decision makers in cross country manufacturing – suppliers, manufacturers, logistics.
  • Also considered useful for the administrative university facilities, to better understand the possibe effects of current decisions.
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