Azeri refugees displaced from Nagorno-Karabakh make their homes in abandoned housing in Baku (photo: dpa)

Threat of war looms again over the South Caucasus

The prospect of a renewed full-scale conflict between Armenia and Azjerbaijan over the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh not only feeds into the increasing bellicose war of words between Iran and Israel, it could also have serious consequences for Europe and its supply of energy. International efforts to broker a lasting peace deal have so far proved ineffective.

THE threat of war between Azerbaijan and Armenia is never far away. The two countries fought a bloody war in the early 1990s over the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh which is formally located within Azerbaijan, but is currently almost exclusively inhabited by ethnic Armenians and controlled by forces affiliated to...

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Professor Stefan Hedlund
In a region where skirmishes and war scares are daily routine, a border event that starts with sniper fire could easily escalate into artillery barrages, air strikes, and ultimately, another full-scale war
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