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Tension between the Mediterranean Sea’s northern and southern shores is nothing new. In fact, it is ancient, dating back well before 1830, when France colonised Algeria in an effort to suppress the piracy, slave trade and smuggling that had infested those waters for centuries, and also to satisfy commercial interests.
The Islamist and Tuareg forces which disrupted Mali have been driven into neighbouring countries, but their networks have not been wiped out. With elections only weeks away – in theory - there are still major questions to be answered, such as what is the basis of keeping the peace and who will enforce it? And could tribal leaders be the key to reconciling Mali’s no...
Political chaos persists in Mali’s capital Bamako following a military coup in March 2012. Political parties have failed to reach a sustainable agreement despite international pressure, mainly from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). But in the rebel-controlled north of the divided country, two factions, one with strong links to Al Qaeda, canno...
Professor Jaime Nogueira Pinto