- If contagion spreads after Brexit, the EU may have largely disintegrated by 2025, even if a small group of states, clustered around Germany, continues EU cooperation in certain areas
- If survival instincts prevail, an EU without Britain might get a new lease of life
- A less ambitious reorganization remains the most likely scenario
At a recent conference, participants were asked to key in a single word that expressed their vision of the European Union in 2025. The word that loomed largest on the overhead screen was "Gone."
Preposterous, perhaps, but scarcely surprising: top Brussels officials and national leaders now predict the EU's demise almost daily. This is a response to multiple, mutually reinforcing crises, concerning especially the euro area, migration, terrorism, the Schengen open-borders system, insurgent nationalist, xenophobic and euroskeptic political movements, and instability to the south and the east.